Thursday, August 2, 2018

African Piracy Rises as Attacks on Merchant Ships and Fishing Vessels Continue

Pirates Persist in Hijacks in Coastal Waters
Shipping News Feature
NIGERIA – According to a report by security firm EOS Risk, Nigerian pirates have kidnapped 35 seafarers from vessels in the Gulf of Guinea in the first half of 2018. From January through June 2018, EOS recorded 34 Nigerian pirate attacks on merchant and fishing vessels in the Gulf of Guinea. These attacks resulted in the kidnap of 35 seafarers for ransom and the hijacking of several vessels. These figures reaffirm that the region is one of the most hazardous in terms of maritime crimes and has surpassed places like Somalia where armed security aboard ships, Best Management Practices (BMP5) and the presence of naval forces have drastically reduced attacks.

After a lull in piracy activity off Benin since 2012, EOS recorded seven pirate attacks in the waters of Nigeria’s western neighbour in the first half of 2018. The attacks involved several successful tanker hijackings, one of which resulted in the loss of 2,000 tonnes of product. Nigerian pirates also operated in Ghanaian waters in April, kidnapping five seafarers from two vessels. Jake Longworth, Senior Intelligence Analyst at EOS Risk, commented:

“Most concerning this year has been the resurgence of ‘petro-piracy,' involving the hijacking of tankers for oil theft. The return of petro-piracy has been accompanied by an associated increase in the geographical reach of Nigerian pirate gangs, leading to attacks in the waters of Benin and Ghana. 95% of attacks we recorded in Nigerian waters occurred near Bonny Island, within 60 nautical miles of the shore. Pirates operating in these waters are focused on the kidnap of seafarers for ransom."

Despite hijackings grabbing the headlines, Longworth says that the main threat is still found off the restive Niger Delta, specifically on the approaches to ports and oil terminals in the vicinity of Port Harcourt. It was in this area that heavily armed Nigerian pirates kidnapped 11 seafarers from the Dutch general cargo vessel FWN Rapidein April. According to EOS, it is the highest number of hostages taken by a Nigerian pirate group in a single attack.

Steven Harwood, Head of Special Risks at EOS, which covers kidnap for ransom response, said that there are two main pirate gangs in Nigeria, both employing around 16 full time pirates. He continued:

“One is located in the creeks near Yenagoa, Bayelsa State and the other around Abonnema, Rivers State. Both gangs are in communication and sometimes subcontract the physical hostage taking to other criminal groups. Since the turn of the century, this pattern has been visible in Nigeria ahead of major election periods, evidence of the complex links between piracy and political conflict in the Niger Delta.”

EOS warns that instability in the Niger Delta is likely to increase in the run up to Nigeria’s 2019 general elections, which could result in a spike in piracy activity. The political situation in the Delta region is particularly difficult. Many indigenous people reported they had been disenfranchised by foreign oil companies and corrupt officialdom and the ecosystem of the region devastated in the name of profit.

To mitigate the risk of attack, EOS recommends Masters implement Global Counter Piracy Guidance (GCPG) measures and familiarise themselves with the ‘Guidelines for Owners, Operators and Masters for protection against piracy in the Gulf of Guinea region – version 3, June 2018’. Where additional protection is required, they say shipping companies may require armed escort vessels and embarked guards where domestic law permits.

Those interested in protecting their maritime assets in other regions would do well to stay abreast of the current global situation by reading two other publications, both also updated in June 2018, a Regional Guide to Piracy in South East Asia and Global Counter Piracy Guidance for Companies, Masters and Seafarers. In addition a useful source to update maritime security links including rules on armed security guards and global contacts is International Registries which administrates the Marshall Islands Registry.